Electronic fetal monitoring, or EFM, is one of the tools most used by obstetricians and other birth medical providers to monitor the unborn baby during pregnancy and birth. Though culturally widely accepted, with over 85 percent of American pregnant women undergoing EFM, countless studies have shown that EFM and fetal death prevention are not correlated. Arizona residents who might be having or are considering having a baby might be interested in finding out the risks posed by the practice before making a decision about using it.
Women around the country experience premature labor in about 12 percent of all pregnancies. This type of labor is defined as going into labor prior to the 37th week of pregnancy, and increases the risk of potential health and neurological problems if it occurs between the 20th and 32nd weeks. Seeking medical attention for contractions occurring more than five times in one hour is important to ensure proper diagnosis and care.
As many Arizona residents may know, the implementation of safety procedures might affect neonatal injuries and fatalities. The use of such measures has resulted in a significant decrease in neonatal trauma in some institutions.
Birth is a traumatic experience for the infant, and can occasionally lead to injuries. However, many Arizona births involve some form of trauma that is caused or compounded by the negligence of medical staff. Common types of birth trauma involve broken bones or dislocated joints, which can lead to problems later in life if these injuries are not detected promptly and treated correctly.
Arizona pregnant women may not be aware about the growing number of medications that have been linked with birth defects and even infant fatalities. In addition to not smoking or drinking during pregnancy, certain other circumstances should be avoided if possible to prevent harm to the fetus.
Prospective parents in Arizona might be surprised to learn that congenital heart defects, or structural problems in the heart, occur in more than 32,000 infants every year and are the primary cause of defect-related deaths. Affecting the different areas of the heart and how the heart functions, some defects include an Ebstein's anomaly, a tricuspid valve atresia, pulmonary valve stenosis and an aortic valve stenosis.
Erb's palsy is a birth injury that affects the network of nerves that give movement and range of motion to the shoulder, arm, hands, and fingers. It usually results from difficult and prolonged labor, and the condition results in stiffness, weakness, and sometimes loss of motion in the affected arm. Based on national statistics, one out of every 1000 babies born in Arizona will be affected by this condition.
When a baby suffers from an injury during birth, the parents may wonder what parties can be named as defendants in a medical malpractice lawsuit. Determining who is liable for a birth injury will depend greatly on the type of injury that occurred and the circumstances that surrounded it. Potential parties include health care facilities, doctors, nurses, anesthesiologists and pharmaceutical companies.
Expecting mothers in Arizona may want to know that infants can suffer injuries during the birthing process for a number of reasons. The prolonged pressure endured by the baby during a long labor may cause harm. If a woman has an irregularly sized pelvis, her infant may become lodged and require that a physician use forceps or vacuum extraction. These methods can also cause trauma. Babies can also be harmed during birth when they are in a transverse position or a breech. Babies weighing more than 9 pounds, 14.7 ounces are at a greater risk of being hurt during birth.